Cipla’s American Odyssey

The pharma major has made a few tough decisions over the past few years. Now, it’s beginning to pay off

Even if you don’t know anything about the pharma business, you might just have heard of Cipla, the company that took the world by storm, by coming up with the cheapest cocktail of drugs to treat AIDS. In 2001, the Indian pharma company offered the combination to international aid agencies at $350/year (less than a dollar/day). Till then, the medicines had been priced between $10,000 and $15,000/year. 

Yusuf Hamied, who was chairman of Cipla then, has earned his title of ‘Robinhood’, by making sure that life-saving drugs are accessible to everyone. It must seem incredible that any pharma company has altruistic intentions. But Hamied and his younger brother MK Hamied come from extraordinary parents. Their father, KA Hamied, was a freedom fighter and their mother, Luba Derczanska, was a Polish revolutionary, who tragically lost her parents in the Holocaust. Yusuf was against Big Pharma’s profiteering from life-saving drugs at the cost of the poor and even called such companies “traders in death”.  

His company, therefore, had initially been conservative with its expansion into the US market. Cipla chose to partner with global generics firms such as Teva, Watson and Ivax and supplied them bulk drugs, which were converted into formulations. This meant they didn’t have to spend tonnes of money on patent battles or in building a distribution network in the US. But lying low also meant lower profit and peers such as Sun Pharma and Dr Reddy’s moved ahead in the market capitalisation table. Four years ago, this changed.

Turning point

In the past few years, under a new management, the 85-year-old company has been focused on growing in the North American market. The US contributes around 21% to overall revenue, having grown about 12% over the past four years. The once manufacturer of affordable bulk drugs has also transformed itself into a company led by innovation. The revamp, which was required to stay relevant amid the ongoing transition in the pharma industry, has paid off — its net profit has grown annually at 10% during the same period. 

The real churn in the company began nearly a decade ago, in 2011. That’s the year the company’s long-


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